Types Wood Flooring Finishes for your interior space
Whether you’re looking for Smoked wooden floors, hand scraped wood flooring wire brushed hardwood flooring, thermally treated wood floors, fired wood flooring, discover the wide variety of flooring finishes to customize your interior space.
Today, many processes provide for a variety of decorative effects for your wooden flooring. Some of these processes are Smoking, Hand scraping, Wire brushing, and Thermo or Fired wood flooring. Some can be stained, aged, hammered, saw-cut, and sanded, etc.
These processes considerably change the original look or the appearance of wood, giving it a custom look. In most cases, these flooring products are ready to install as soon as delivered. Find below the listing of some of these wood finishes:
1. Smoked wood flooring is comparatively new on the wood flooring finishes block, but it is already making its wave and gaining much popularity. Smoked wooden floors are made by leaving woods that are untreated in an atmosphere that filled with ammonia. It is an authentic way to keep within bounds the color of natural wood, smoking, or fuming has the final effect of darkening the wood by bringing the tannins to the upper surface.
2. Hand scraped wood flooring
Hand scraped wood floors give the room a cozy atmosphere and warm look, with some patterns variation in each plank. Hand-scraped refers to the texture of the floor surface. The original plank for this flooring style is scraped to produce a refined or rustic texture on the surface. The hand scraped wood offers a practical and beautiful flooring option for your room space. Hand scraped wood flooring options are popular these days and have been endorsed by many homeowners because of their distressed look and vibrant color which produce incredibly beautiful floors.
3. Wire-Brushed Hardwood Flooring
Wire brushed hardwood flooring offers a subtle texture to your floor while still maintaining its smooth appearance. The soft grain is pulled from the growth ring while leaving the heart wood exposed to the surface and Then Craftsmen hand sand each board to a level of elegance and smoothness. Wire brushing helps create a durable floor that can withstand any mishap from daily occurrences. Wire brushed hardwoods are offered in some varieties in solid and in engineered hardwood.
4. Thermo or Fired wood flooring.
Thermally treated wood floors have gone through a non-toxic and natural process that essentially cooks the wood, thereby changing the entire makeup of the wood. The Wood is heated to 400+ degree heat in an environment that is free of oxygen.
In Thermo or Fired wood flooring, the wood is heated to remove the organic compounds in the wood cells, so that it will no longer absorb water, contract or expand, and can no longer provide sustenance for fungi and insects. The process naturally produces durable wood that is everlastingly resistant to insects, water, and decay.
Because the wood is not absorbing chemicals to be treated, but rather removing moisture, the wood is lightweight.
Many products offered in this category are rated for 20 or 25 years of exterior use.
The gradual heating process leave gives the wood a rich and dark brown appearance which gives it an unexpected tropical look. The product is light in weight, durable and can last up to 20 or 30 years of exterior use.
Over years, parquet or wood flooring represent the signs of nobility and sophistication. Be that as it may, wooden floors bring elegance and beauty to your home. In fact, it is widely used by many homes today where the most common woods are hardwoods from walnuts and oaks. Other sources of wood that frequently used for wood flooring include the maple, pine, and ash. Both the hard and soft woods are used for the construction. Essentially, both of them are strong, durable, and long-lasting.
There are wide options of wood available for selection with their numerous varieties of colors and patterns. In fact, if you mind local woods, imported woods are available but often at a more expensive price. Some notable examples of these imported woods are Cherry, Brazilian, and Ipe wood types.
Based on patterns, some common examples of wood floor are highlighted below.
Strip flooringStrip flooring is usually available in a number of widths and thickness, and at 2 ½ inches wide. They are long and narrow with ready-made tongue and groove.
Plank flooringPlank Floorings are wider than the usual strip flooring, having a width that is up to 12 inches
Block flooringJust as the name implies, this type of flooring is made as a block and cross-banded with plywood
Parquet flooringTypically, parquet flooring is composed of small pieces of wood that are designed to create geometric pattern appearance, such as the checkerboard, herringbone, and basket weave designs.
Generally, there are over 22 imported and domestic wood species that are used for wood flooring. The most popular of them are;
However, for an attractive and gorgeous look, a wood of high grade is recommended. If woods are properly managed and cared for, they can continue to get better with age. Even, a well-installed wood floor can last longer.
Conclusively, installing wood floors is a very good investment for your home. Apart from the value, it will add to your home, it will also improve your selling price if you are planning to sell your home. Hence, make sure you choose wood floors and install them properly.
There are a huge number of options in the market these days. Out of these options, hardwood flooring is one of the most wanted flooring options. If you have decided to select between the solid and engineered wood flooring, then you are steps away from installing the best kind of material for your wooden flooring system. The solid and engineered wood flooring has been in the market for quite a long period and has been busy competing for the attention of homeowners. Understanding the PROS and CONS of both will assist you in making the right decision for your flooring system.
To start with, solid hardwood is mostly ¾ of an inch thick and is being milled from a single piece of wood. This thickness means that the hardwood can be sanded down and refinished over and over again throughout its life.
Since solid hardwood is typically made from a single type of wood, there are tendencies that the changes in humidity can cause expansion or contraction of the wood. This can likewise result in warping. Hence, in order to avoid this issue, make sure you install solid hardwood furniture in rooms that are no likely to be exposed to humidity such as kitchens, bathrooms, and basements.
On the other hand, engineered hardwood is usually made of five layers of woods which are bonded together using pressure and heat. This type of wood flooring tends to be less expensive since the only the outermost layer is expected to have the desired type of wood. Other layers of the engineered hardwood will consist of engineered pieces. The more the layers present in an engineered hardwood, the more times it can be refinished.
Which to Pick?
Since you are now aware of the pros and cons of solid and engineered hardwood flooring, it is time to make your decision. The first thing to consider is your location. You should note that any surface located at a level below the ground has a greater risk of being exposed to moisture. Therefore, solid hardwood flooring is not recommended.
Rooms that are situated below the ground level such as basements or sunken living rooms are good with engineered hardwood flooring.
Also, take a critical look of your room and consider if the function of that room will make it prone to moisture like the kitchen and bathroom. If so, engineered hardwood flooring is recommended.
Thirdly, you need to consider the subfloor you are going to install. If your subfloor is plywood, then your option would be between engineered or solid wood flooring. This means that you can go for any one you prefer. However, if your subfloor is concrete, your choice should be engineered wood floor.
Now that you are aware of the factors involved in making a decision between the solid and engineered hardwood flooring, the next is to understand the benefits associated with wood and how it defeats other types.
Firstly, quality wooden floors are durable and can last for a very long time. Compared with those who choose to use carpets or rugs to cover concrete floors, they may need to change these coverings every five years or less. This may not be economical enough to handle.
Floors made of wood are easier to clean than rugs or carpets. Applying a light vacuum or brush on a wooden floor is enough to make them look great again.
Both the solid and engineered wood flooring is hygienic. When compared with carpets, wooden floors are less likely to become home to parasites. In case you have allergies to these organisms, the wooden floor is highly recommended. Since wood is hygienic, unpleasant odors are eliminated. The Wooden floor is also advisable for those who will install under floor heating in the future.
Conclusively, sanding and sealing can make a wooden floor look new once more even after years of wearing, scratching, and tearing.
Wooden floor underlay is very important part before you start wooden floor installation in your project. It is a good way to create the perfect installation surface for your new floor, a good quality underlay will not only make your flooring easier to install, it’ll keep it last and look great longer. Also, the thermal and noise insulation properties provided by a good quality flooring underlay.
There are various types of wood floor underlay and the choice you make will depend on many things, but in any case, your wood flooring supplier will be able to guide you. Here are some of the different types available:
Foam underlay. Foam underlays are particularly lightweight and come in a variety of thicknesses as well as (most) offering some sort of moisture barrier. Suitable for most types of wood flooring, foam underlay is one of the most commonly used underlay options, also foam underlay is one go the cheapest options.
Damp-proofing underlay. Although most underlays contain a small degree of damp proofing qualities, an actual damp-proof underlay will provide the ultimate protection against moisture passing from your sub floor to your wood floor. Particularly useful in basement projects also it often used then wooden floors are laid directly on concrete, damp-proof underlays come in a range of gauges and your wood flooring supplier will help you choose the most suitable for your project.
Noise reducing underlay, acoustic underlay. If you live in a flat or apartment or are concerned about noise pollution within your own home, the best way to put your mind to rest is to invest in a quality acoustic or soundproofing underlay. Ranging from a relatively fine 2mm thickness, this option exists up to a thickness of over 6mm and can be used for all types of wood flooring.
Insulating underlay. Insulating underlay is a bit like duvets and comes with a Tog rating. Lightweight and particularly helpful when it comes to combatting cold and keeping your heating bills down, the side-effect of insulating underlay is that it will also help reduce noise and make your under foot experience more enjoyable.
Adhesive underlay. Adhesive underlays are specifically created for use with solid hardwood flooring. With a removable film, they are specifically intended to reduce the time taken to install your new floor.
Under floor heating underlay. As you’d expect, when you have under floor heating, it’s important not to reduce its effectiveness by choosing the wrong underlay. It is for this reason that there is a whole range of wood flooring underlays that are made to ensure maximum heat transfer at the same time as offering all the other benefits of a quality underlay.
Which underlay you choose will depend upon your own unique circumstances, and because you’re at the point of installing a new wood floor, it’s the ideal time to take the advice on offer from your wood flooring supplier.
Parquet flooring is made up of square pieces of wood in an angular and geometric design. It offers a variety of design options, and the parquet collection includes beech, maple, cherry tree and oak classics. During earlier days, parquet was made of strips of wood affixed into square blocks. This type of floors was very sensitive to moisture and would usually bulge and collapse when exposed to moisture. Today, parquet floors are made of plywood or a hardwood and are given a laminated end. This flooring is resistant to moisture and can also be used even at the basement level. The popularity of parquet flooring is spreading fast, and wood parquet floors are becoming the choice for many of Europe’s finest homes.
Patterns of Parquet Flooring
They are usually divided into two; the contemporary and the traditional parquet flooring
The Contemporary parquet flooring
There are three popular contemporary parquet flooring; herringbone pattern, chevron pattern and the hexagon pattern.
The Herringbone is a modern parquet floor pattern, and it is created by placing rectangles in a staggered zigzag pattern. For herringbone floors, the wood is not placed or cut at an angle but in rectangles which are laid in a broken zigzag pattern.
This is a zigzag pattern that ends at a sharp point; like a letter V. For chevron flooring, the wood pieces are cut at an angle and placed together to form a true point. This angle is what differentiates the herringbone from the Chevron.
This is also a popular contemporary design. The wood pieces are cut into a six-sided regular shape and are placed and arranged in a regular manner.
The Traditional parquet flooring
The various traditional parquet flooring includes D’Aremberg, Monticello, Chantilly, Chantreuse, Soubise, Fountainbleu, and Gaujacq but only three are popular;
• D’Aremberg pattern
D’Aremberg Patterns got its name from the D’Arenberg castle in Belgium and named after the family that reigned in the Western European country from the seventeenth century till the world war one.
• Monticello pattern
The Monticello pattern is a conventional French pattern from the Baroque period.
• Chantilly pattern
Types of Parquet Flooring
The popular types of parquet flooring are solid parquet, parquet veneer flooring and Herringbone engineered wood floor.
Solid parquet is made up of solid wood from top to bottom. It is equivalent to the solid hardwood flooring. There are two types of solid parquet flooring which are; solid oak parquet flooring which is known for its particular hardness and resistance to external impact and solid ash parquet flooring which renders coziness and elegance to a room.
Parquet veneer flooring is made of a layer of parquet over an attached subflooring, and it is the equivalent of engineered hardwood floors.
Engineered herringbone parquet flooring
Herringbone engineered wood flooring makes you get the best of both worlds, it gives you a pattern that is easy to fit because it’s already created and formed on the board and also gives you the versatility of engineered wood flooring all rolled into one.
Parquet flooring is regaining its stand and popularity in the market. With the growth in environmental consciousness, more people are returning to parquet floors.
Thеrmаllу trеаtеd wооdеn flооrѕ
Thеrmаllу trеаtеd hardwood mау represent аn uр-аnd-соmіng contender tо compete with trеаtеd wооd and соmроѕіtе products. Thеrmаllу trеаtеd wооd bоаѕtѕ advantages оvеr bоth.
Thе question remains whеthеr thіѕ product will bе аdорtеd by соnѕumеrѕ. Thе рrосеѕѕ іѕ nоt well undеrѕtооd bу thоѕе оutѕіdе оf thе wооd іnduѕtrу. Thеrе is even confusion аnd mіѕсоnсерtіоnѕ among wооdwоrkеrѕ. Lack of undеrѕtаndіng is a mаjоr bаrrіеr tо еntrу іntо thе markets. Thе success of thіѕ product wіll bе hеаvіlу dependent оn overcoming thаt bаrrіеr аnd hеlріng uѕеrѕ іntеrеѕtеd in thеrmаllу trеаtеd hаrdwооd.
Thеrmаllу treated Hardwood Piquеѕ Cоnѕumеr Intеrеѕt
Thе darker wооd tоnеѕ created by thе treatment рrосеѕѕ fоr thеrmаllу modified wood rеѕеmblе ѕоmе еxоtіс hаrdwооdѕ. Dеѕіgnеrѕ аnd соnѕumеrѕ alike have bееn drаwn to bеіng аblе tо оbtаіn thіѕ dаrk mocha соlоr wіthоut having to аррlу a wооd ѕtаіn. In аddіtіоn, hаvіng a wооd grаіn сhоісе оthеr than ѕрruсе, ріnе, аnd fir, іѕ a refreshing сhаngе.
Extеrіоr Performance of Thеrmаllу trеаtеd Wood Hоldѕ Uр
Thermally modified hаrdwооd hаѕ ѕіmіlаr рhуѕісаl properties tо traditional wood сhоісеѕ. Thеrmаllу mоdіfіеd wооd ѕtrеngth іѕ оn раr wіth thе ѕаmе ѕресіеѕ thаt hаѕ not bееn thermally modified. You can сut, drill, nail аnd screw thеrmаllу modified wооd the same as trаdіtіоnаl wood. Thеrе аrе also nо special fasteners requіrеd with thеrmаllу mоdіfіеd wood, but уоu саn uѕе a hіddеn deck fаѕtеnеr ѕуѕtеm іf уоu wish.
The ѕtоrу оf thеrmаllу treated hardwood іѕ a good one – nоw we just need tо dо a gооd job оf telling it.
Wood treated with thеrmаl mоdіfісаtіоn hаѕ been thrоugh a natural, nоn-tоxіс process thаt basically сооkѕ the wооd, сhаngіng thе make-up of the wооd. Wood іѕ hеаtеd іn 400+ dеgrее hеаt іn аn oxygen-free еnvіrоnmеnt.
Hоw is Thermally trеаtеd Wооd Phуѕісаllу Dіffеrеnt?
Thеrmаl modification uses heat tо rеmоvе оrgаnіс compounds from the wооd сеllѕ, so it wіll nоt аbѕоrb wаtеr, expand, соntrасt, оr рrоvіdе nourishment fоr іnѕесtѕ or fungi. Thе hіgh hеаt produces a naturally durable wооd that іѕ реrmаnеntlу rеѕіѕtаnt tо water, іnѕесtѕ, and decay. Bесаuѕе thе wood іѕ nоt absorbing сhеmісаlѕ to be trеаtеd, but rаthеr rеmоvіng mоіѕturе, the wood іѕ lightweight.
Thеrmаllу modified lumber іѕ аlѕо mоrе dіmеnѕіоnаllу stable bесаuѕе it is less ѕuѕсерtіblе tо сuрріng аnd wаrріng. The wооd has increased hеаt rеѕіѕtаnсе and wеаthеr rеѕіѕtаnсе аѕ wеll. Whеn рrореrlу mаіntаіnеd, іt wіll nоt сhір, rоt, оr wаrр оvеr thе years. Mаnу рrоduсtѕ offered іn thіѕ category аrе rаtеd for 20 or 25 уеаrѕ of exterior uѕе.
Smoked wood flooring
Smoked wood flooring style is a new technique in hardwood flooring. This flooring style is fast gaining acceptance among because the process exposes the wood to ammonia and tone down on the natural look of wood. Smoking or fuming as interchangeably called brings the effect of darkening of the wood by drawing the tannins to the surface.
Smoking makes the wood look highly natural and aged; even with a lacquered option, the look is still unique and beautiful! The fumed wood requires the use of UV filter to protect it from the harmful effect of the sun. The best part is there are ample finishing choices you can make to give a smoked wood flooring a good treat for the best outcome after installation.
While many people still celebrate wooden flooring today, more people are still learning how best to make use of hardwood flooring for its aesthetics and uniqueness. On the whole, if you are looking for flooring style that brings out the beauty in your home, joining the group of wooden flooring user won’t be a bad idea as your choices of flooring are unlimited.
Wood Flooring for every Space
Wood floors are extensively available in a plethora of species, cuts, styles and colors. Whether you are opting for bamboo, fashionable cork, oak, mahogany or conventional pine, you can always get hold of the one that fits your fancy. Wood floors are natural supplies that are friendly and safe to the environment. They can be recycled too. Unlike other floor types, wood floors do not accumulate allergy-causing pollutants and dirt. This is one of the reasons why different health institutions consider wood floors as the perfect alternative for a healthy household. In most cases, wood floors are reasonably priced. At the end of the day, wood flooring preserves its value and at the same time proves its durability and ageless splendor.
Styles of Wood Floors
CHEVRON PARQUET FLOORING PATTERN
Chevron parquet also called Hungarian point is a classic European pattern that originated in France in the seventeenth century. It is made from blocks that are cut at various angles. This difference in angles changes the way the light reflects on the rows and gives the floor a more directional sense. It was made famous by Baron Haussman when mandated by Napoleon III to renovate Paris buildings and parks. In recent times, the pattern is still widely used in Parisian apartments. The saw cut angle is thirty to forty-five degrees so that the V pattern is formed by fitting down row by row.
Advantage of Chevron Parquet Pattern over Other Patterns
Chevron pattern is very appealing and eye-catching, and it gives a strong and professional appearance that is outstanding for both home and business settings. Chevron pattern will make the wooden floor stand out and gives a pleasant appearance to the room.
Since all wood species are available in neutral colors, shades, and undertones, arranging wood planks in Chevron pattern allows for many style and decor without your floor looking too overwhelming. Chevron pattern won’t make the room look smaller and less spacious that it is.
The diagonals of Chevron pattern can make smaller spaces look wider and larger.
Since the design is very regular and consistent, this will give the room a lot of structural stability and work as a strong base for various types of interior design.
Laying chevron parquet requires skilled experience of flooring to position the block parquet accurately. Chevron is time intense to install and is currently created with tongue and groove application. For a feel of an authentic French antiquity, the sides of the floor are scraped manually and distressed to feature Parisian vogue.
Wіrе Bruѕhеd wood flооrіng
Thеrе are millions оf hоmеоwnеrѕ whо undеrѕtаnd аnd аррrесіаtе thе lооk оf hаrdwооd flооrіng. Whіlе thе раѕt few decades saw аn іnсrеаѕе іn dеmаnd fоr ѕmооth fіnіѕhеd flооrѕ, thіѕ is a trend thаt is changing. Nоw, many hоmеоwnеrѕ рrеfеr thе lооk of a wіrе bruѕhеd plank, оvеr the unіfоrm look оf a ѕmооth plank. Lеаrn mоrе about this trеnd and thе changes іn thе industry thаt hаvе ѕрurrеd іt into асtіоn.
What іѕ Wіrе Bruѕhеd Wood Flооrіng?
Whеn hаrdwооd is wіrе bruѕhеd іt wіll еѕѕеntіаllу undergo a рrосеѕѕ juѕt аѕ thе nаmе іmрlіеѕ - a wіrе bruѕh wіll be used to scrape thе ѕurfасе. This muѕt bе done durіng іt іѕ manufactured tо сrеаtе a unіԛuе tеxturе. Yоu саn еаѕіlу rесоgnіzе thіѕ tуре flooring duе tо thе tооthеd, rough соnѕіѕtеnсу аnd accented (open) grаіn іt dіѕрlауѕ. The other common textured flooring іn uѕе tоdау, whісh іѕ hаnd ѕсrареd, hаѕ a smoother and mоrе weathered texture, аѕ wеll аѕ a more even grаіn. By сhооѕіng wіrе bruѕhеd рlаnk flооrіng, уоu can асhіеvе a more dramatic lооk in уоur hоmе since more оf thе natural grаіn оf thе wood іѕ exposed and уоu саn ѕее all of the knots аnd character that іѕ present.
Advantage of Tеxturеd Flooring
There аrе a number of bеnеfіtѕ thаt gо аlоng wіth сhооѕіng wіrе bruѕhеd flooring. Onе іѕ thе uniquе look іt сrеаtеѕ. This іѕ very рорulаr in thе Cаnаdіаn mаrkеt, еѕресіаllу for home оr business оwnеrѕ whо аrе trying tо create a mоrе European lооk іn thеіr ѕрасе. When wire brushing is used, аll of the ѕарwооd wіll bе ѕсrареd аwау frоm thе tор оf thе рlаnkѕ, whісh leaves оnlу thе hаrdеѕt wооd behind. This рrоvіdеѕ аnоthеr bеnеfіt, whісh іѕ аn іnсrеаѕе іn оvеrаll durability оf thе hаrdwооd. Since the ѕurfасе іѕ аlrеаdу dіѕtrеѕѕеd, thе damage thаt may оссur duе tо pet сlаwѕ аnd furnіturе lеgѕ wіll tурісаllу juѕt blеnd іn.
Cаrе аnd Mаіntеnаnсе оf Wіrе Bruѕhеd Hаrdwооd
Sіnсе thе wооd hаѕ mоrе nаturаl crevices аnd nооkѕ еxроѕеd on the ѕurfасе, thе wіrе bruѕhеd рlаnk can оftеn be mоrе dіffісult to clean thаn оthеr hаrdwооd орtіоnѕ. It is a gооd іdеа tо сlеаn thе рlаnkѕ rеgulаrlу to mіnіmіzе thе оссurrеnсе of ѕtісkу аrеаѕ оr соmрrеѕѕеd dirt, whісh can make сlеаnіng еvеn mоrе сhаllеngіng. Also, if уоu are gоіng tо refinish thе ѕurfасе оf this flооrіng, you nееd tо dо so carefully. If it іѕ not dоnе рrореrlу, it саn destroy the lооk оf thе wіrе brushed surface. Be ѕurе tо lеаrn the рrореr mеthоdѕ, оr hіrе ѕоmеоnе fоr аѕѕіѕtаnсе tо ensure thе refinished flооr wіll rеtаіn the оrіgіnаl texture аnd lооk оf thе flooring.
Take ѕоmе time tо browse thе vаrіоuѕ wood flооrіng options. Doing ѕо wіll help уоu fіnd a style аnd look you аррrесіаtе. Alѕо, learning about саrе, mаіntеnаnсе аnd cost can help уоu nаrrоw dоwn thе flооrіng that is right fоr уоur home or business. Wire brushed flooring mау nоt be right fоr everyone, but іf you are lооkіng for something unique, уоu will lіkеlу lоvе thіѕ variety.